The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (also known as the CDC) is the United State’s main national public health institution. The CDC is a federal agency under the Department of Health and Human Services. Its headquarters currently reside in Atlanta, Georgia. The main agenda of the CDC is to improve and protect public health and safety. This is done through the control and prevents of disease, common injuries, and disability in the United States. The public health institution focuses on developing and applying disease control as well as prevent, in addition to improving national education and awareness of diseases and disabilities. In particular, the CDC focuses on:

  • Infectious disease

  • Foodborne pathogens

  • Environmental health

  • Occupational safety and health

  • Health promotion

  • Injury prevention

  • Educational services and activities designed to improve the health of United States residents

The CDC performs research regularly and offers information on diseases that are non-infectious, such as obesity. The institution is a founding member of the International Association of National Public Health Institutes.

The CDC employs a wide range of medical and scientific personnel, which include engineers, entomologists, epidemiologists, biologists, economists, public health advisors, health communicators, toxicologists, chemists, computer scientists, physicians, veterinarians, behavioral scientists, nurses, medical technologists, and statisticians. It also runs a number of internal programs, such as the Epidemic Intelligence Service (also known as EIS) and the Public Health Associates Program (also known as PHAP).

The areas of focus that the CDC has leaned on in the past include a wide range of diseases. These include communicable diseases like influenza, non-communicable diseases like tobacco use, and global health.

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